Office of the Attorney General
Honorable James McGrath
Opinion No. H-1196
Re: Validity of arrest based on teletyped warrant.
Dear Mr. Smith:
You ask whether local law enforcement officers may arrest someone under the authority of an arrest warrant teletyped from another law enforcement agency. Article 15.26 of the Code of Criminal Procedure provides as follows with respect to arrest under warrant:
The officer need not have the warrant in his possession at the time of the arrest, provided the warrant was issued under the provisions of this Code, but upon request he shall show the warrant to the defendant as soon as possible.
Article 15.26 has been held to authorize arrests by officers who had knowledge of a warrant but did not have possession of it. Rutledge v. State, 458 S.W.2d 670 (Tex. Crim. App. 1970); Howard v. State, 453 S.W.2d 150 (Tex. Crim. App. 1970). In Cook v. State, 470 S.W.2d 898 (Tex. Crim. App. 1971), the sheriff's department was informed by telephone call from another law enforcement agency that a warrant had been issued for the defendant. The arresting officers had only the warrant number, not a warrant. The court found the arrest valid under article 15.26 and upheld the search and seizure incident to the arrest. See also Bradley v. State, 478 S.W.2d 527 (Tex. Crim. App. 1972); Pangarakis v. State, 468 S.W.2d 79 (Tex. Crim. App. 1971).
In our opinion, a law enforcement officer who learns of an outstanding arrest warrant through teletype message may make an arrest under its authority, even though he does not possess the warrant. Article 15.26 of course requires that the warrant have been issued under the Code of Criminal Procedure. We note that Attorney General Opinion WW-737 (1959) states that an officer must have a warrant with him at the time of the arrest. However, that opinion relied on a predecessor of article 15.26 which was amended in 1967 to authorize arrest without possession of a warrant.
In view of our answer to your question, we need not discuss article 15.08 of the Code of Criminal Procedure which authorizes the forwarding of arrest warrants by telegraph.
Article 15.26 authorizes law enforcement officers to make arrests under warrant without having possession of it. If the arresting officer learns of an outstanding warrant through a teletype message from a law enforcement agency, he may make an arrest under its authority.
John L. Hill
Attorney General of Texas
David M. Kendall
C. Robert Heath
Chairman Opinion Committee